Soliton     

Despite conventional wisdom that a wave is indivisible; basically, a soliton is half of a wave; either the crest or the trough.

A soliton is considered as an unusual, enigmatic phenomenon because it is non-linear.  {See:   
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It is the solitonic action of Light that accounts for the phenomenon of mass . . . which accounts for the illusion of Gravity's "attractiveness."

Unraveling the mystery of Gravity begins with the soliton.

Gravity's "attractiveness" has long mystified scientists because of its "action-at-a-distance"; there is no evidence of any known connection between any separate phenomena that exhibits the characteristics of mass.  Yet, all of these phenomena of mass are gravitationally affected by one another.

Solitons have been observed in Nature since before the nineteenth century; but, only in recent years have they been observed almost everywhere that scientists look; from the cosmos to the subatomic . . . including all levels of biology.

Science understands very little about the etiology of solitons; thus, the paucity of comment in the lay press.  Some of the mystery of solitons has to do with their longevity; they act as close to perpetual motion as anything that can be found in Nature.

A search with most any Web Search Engine will provide background information from myriad scientific articles.

The following excerpt is from "Wave Motion"; Encyclopędia Britannica Online:
"Mathematically less tractable is the study of nonlinear waves, which can be very important in many applications. These usually display a more complicated structure and behaviour; for example, water waves in a shallow channel can develop a humplike formation known as a soliton , which propagates as a coherent entity. Nonlinear waves are important in systems as diverse as nerve networks and the spiral arms of galaxies."
Encyclopędia Britannica Online.
http://www.members.eb.com/bol/topic?eu=78333&sctn=1

The following dictionary definition is from Merriam-Webster Online's definition of a soliton: 
"...a solitary wave (as in a gaseous plasma) that propagates with little loss of energy and retains its shape and speed after colliding with another such wave."

The following excerpts are all from the Los Angeles Times:
"...AT&T and Japan's Nippon Telephone & Telegraph, have tried to reduce the blurring using solitons, a special type of light wave that doesn't change shape as it travels."

"...the soliton--a queer, solitary wave that was once considered impossible (in a sense, it is a wave that doesn't wave). Rather than undulating like ordinary waves, solitons slide along as unchanging blips--like a lump going down the throat. Studied for decades primarily as an abstract mathematical entity, solitons today are used to send messages through fiber optic cables. They've also been proposed as a kind of elementary particle, and even as an exotic variety of star.

"...the essence of what the physical soliton is...a scientific aesthetic...a very abstract concept--but very important."

"...the soliton...(has) been proposed as a possible solution to another thorny physics problem--the so-called high temperature superconductors. A superconductor is a material that can conduct electricity without any friction or loss of energy; an electric current in a superconductor is immortal."

"Andrew Stentz, a graduate student at Rochester, built a soliton laser and sent its one-picosecond light pulses, dozens of times faster than those used in today's fiber systems, through a 40-kilometer (24.8-mile) stretch of fiber."

Thank you for your interest.  The soliton can be a difficult concept to grasp; should you have any further questions regarding solitons, please E-mail for assistance.


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